Chris von Wangenheim was one of the most groundbreaking fashion photographers of the 20th century. He ranked alongside Helmut Newton and Guy Bourdin in his masterful encapsulation of the 1970s zeitgeist. Von Wangenheim was born in Breig, in what was then a war-torn East Prussia, in 1942. His father was an officer in the German Army who died in Soviet captivity in 1953 (most likely a suicide). This tragedy would go on to inform his son’s dark nature. By this time von Wangenheim was living in the Bavarian mountains with his mother and sister and, inspired by a kindly photographer living in the upstairs flat, had developed a burgeoning interest in photography.Von Wangenheim carried this fascination with him into adulthood, particularlyidentifying with the work of American fashion photographers. In 1965 he relocated to New York City to kickstart his own career. He got his start as an assistant for Harper’s Bazaar photographer James Moore, and as a result secured a few pages in the magazine. But it wasn’t until 1969 that von Wangenheim captured the attention of newly appointed special features editor at Vogue Italia, Anna Piaggi. The young photographer found his moment to shine. The flamboyant Piaggi had a vibrant and provocative vision that perfectly aligned itself with von Wangenheim’s aesthetic, and under her reign he began to develop his unique, yet definitively 70s style.The 60s and 70s saw a wave of violence seep its way into all areas of popular culture, from Andy Warhol’s Death and Disaster period to films like Dirty Harry and Taxi Driver, and von Wangenheim simply thought, “the violence is in the culture so why shouldn’t it be in our pictures?” What ensued were hugely impactful images filled with gun-toting beauties, teeth-baring dobermans, blood, bare breasts and billowing smoke. Von Wangenheim’s work was macabre, sexy, incendiary, chic and in very high demand, and before long he was shooting for everyone from Dior to US Vogue to Playboy.